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Sat Feb 25, 2017 05:41:50 ISTHomeTrainsΣChainsAtlasPNRForumGalleryNewsFAQTripsLoginFeedback
Sat Feb 25, 2017 05:41:50 IST

Blog Entry# 2085576  
Posted: Dec 09 2016 (17:17)

17 Responses
Last Response: Dec 12 2016 (14:53)
  
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Dec 09 2016 (17:17)   JP/Jaipur Junction (6 PFs)

Guest: 74c038f4   show all posts
Entry# 2085576            Tags   Past Edits
Frnz my post regarding the railway History of Rajasthan ..##RAILWAYS IN RAJASTHAN##
Source - click here
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The
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first full scale working railway steam locomotive was built in the United Kingdom in 1804 by Richard Trevithick. World's first railway journey took place On 21st February 1804, as Trevithick's unnamed Steam locomotive hauled a train along the Rail transport of the Penydarren iron works, near Merthyr Tydfil in South Wales. In 1814 George Stephenson, inspired by the early locomotives of Trevithick and others, built the Blucher locomotive, one of the first successful Flange-wheel adhesion locomotives. Stephenson played a pivotal role in the development and widespread adoption of the steam locomotive. It was not until 1825 that the success of the Stockton and Darlington Railway proved that the railways could be made as useful to the general shipping public as to the colliery owner. The world's first trunk line can be said to be the Grand Junction Railway, opening in 1837, and linking a midpoint on the Liverpool and Manchester Railway with Birmingham, by way of Crewe, Stafford, and Wolverhampton.
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RAIL IN INDIA
The first rail system plan for India was put forward in 1832, but nothing could be done for next 12 years. In 1844 A.D., the Governor General of India Lord Hardinge insisted private entrepreneurs to set up a rail system in India. Two railway companies were created and the East India Company was asked to assist them. Interest from a lot of investors in U.K. led to the rapid creation of a rail system in India. The first train in India became operational on 22nd December 1851 and was used for the hauling of construction material in Roorkee. The first passenger train between Bori Bunder, Bombay and Thana covering a distance of 33.66 km (21 miles) was inaugurated, On 16 April 1853. The British government encouraged the setting up of railway companies by private investors under a scheme which assured a guarantee of an annual return of 5% during the initial years of operation. After completion of work, the company was to be transferred to the government, but the original company would hold operational control. Thus the development of railways in India started on all sides. The rail network had a route mileage of 9,000 miles (14,500 km) by 1880, mostly radiating inward from the three major port cities of Bombay, Madras and Calcutta. By 1895 India had started building it's own locomotives. In 1896 some railway engineers and locomotives were sent to Uganda to construct Uganda Railways.
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NECESSACITY OF RAIL IN RAJPUTANA
The trade in Rajputana till the mid of 19th century, was carried on animals like bullocks, camels, ponies and donkies; and animal driven carts. The outbreak of 1857 put the factor of urgency for the rapid development of roads, railways and telegraph lines in Rajputana. Government of India advised the native states to undertake the construction of these facili¬ties for movement of military troops for the maintenance of law and order and to encourage trade and commerce.
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#railhistory@rajasthan

12 posts - Fri Dec 09, 2016

  
6615 views
Dec 09 2016 (17:23)
Guest: 74c038f4   show all posts
Re# 2085576-13            Tags   Past Edits
IMPACTS OF RAILWAYS IN RAJASTHAN
It would be difficult to estimate the benefits and impacts which the railway had conferred on the inhabitants of Rajputana. But this is true that without rail, thousands of persons and cattle would have died in 1899-1900 during the periods of famine. Rail had the effect of levelling and steadying prices, and preventing local distress from disorganizing rural economy, and had brought about the general advancement of material prosperity by stimulating the cultivation of marketable produce. As for the influence which railways had exercised on the habits of the people, it may be said that they had a tendency to relax slightly the observance of caste restrictions, and to introduce a good deal of local and
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a sprinkling of English words into everyday use. The advantages which fell to the lot of the people were only incidental which cannot provide a cover to the imperial motives of the British administration.
The railway construction affected the trade routes and the developments of new towns. Bikaner's transit trade was adversely affected. Formerly Bhiwani and Jodhpur were con¬nected through Bikaner, now the traders of Bhiwani adopted Ajmer-Sambbar-Marwar rail route. Similar was the case for the opium traffic from Malwa to other parts of North-Western India. The improvement in the railways led to an accelerated pace of trade. Easy approach and comparative safety of the routes led to a fast growth in the volume of trade.
IMPACT UPON TRANSIT DUTIES
The question of customs duty along these routes acquired a importance which was not earlier. The railways helped the launching of a major official offensive against transit duties because goods now passed easily from one state to another without the payment of transit duties if the bulk was not broken up. The jurisdiction over the railways had been surrendered to the British and the state governments could not have prevented the movement and import of English goods. The entry points were, after the railway system, so many that realisation of customs duty at entry points would have become almost impossible. The states were thus under considerable pressure for the abolition of transit and customs duties. They did so in stages. Jaipur abolished transit and customs duties on food grains in the wake of famine of 1868; a few months later Kota abolished these duties; Mewar abolished them for one year. But the drive was for abolition of duties on all articles of commerce. In 1885, Jaipur abolished transit duties on feeder roads to the Rajputana Malwa railway except on opium. Bharatpur followed it in July 1884. Jaipur enhan¬ced the duties on articles consumed within the state to recoup the loss of revenue. In course of time, this became the common pattern; all articles of consumption in the states of Rajasthan became costlier. In 1887, Mahrana Fateh Singh while cele¬brating the golden jubilee of victoria's accession, abolished all transit duties. Jodhpur, under British advice, replaced the different duties in every district by a Central duty which had to be paid on entry in the state. This new duty consicerable inconvenience and made things costlier for the people of the State.
WESTERN RAILWAY
At the time of independance, the western portion of Jodhpur and Bikaner Railway was ceded to the government of Pakistan. The rest portion was taken over by Rajasthan state in 1949. The Western Railway was created on 5th November 1951 by the merger of several state-owned railways, including the B.B.&C.I. Railway and the Saurashtra Railway, Rajputana Railway and Jaipur State Railway. The Narrow gauge lines of Cutch State Railway was also merged into it. The divisions of w railway in Rajasthan were Jaipur division, Ajmer division and kota division.
NORTHERN RAILWAY
The Northern Railway came in to existence in 1952. It was one of the Indian Railways largest zones. Bikaner division and Jodhpur division were attached with it.
NORTH-WESTERN RAILWAY
The Jaipur and Ajmer divisions of the Western Railway, and Jodhpur and Bikaner divisions of Northern railway became part of newly created North Western Railway in 2002. The total length of this railway in Rajasthan is 5,459 kms.
WEST-CENTRAL RAILWAY
Kota division of the Western Railway became part of the newly created West Central Railway in April 2003.
PRESENT SCENERIO
Today, there is 5780.06 kms. of railway track available in Rajasthan, out of which 4465.12 kms. of broad gauge, 1228.24 kms. of metre gauge and 86.70 kms. of narrow gauge. Rail is playing an important role in gross state domestic product and providing employment to lacs of people in Rajasthan. Life can not be imagined without rail.

  
5955 views
Dec 12 2016 (14:19)
A good day ahead~   2339 blog posts
Re# 2085576-17            Tags   Past Edits
A very, very informative article!! Rail history is always very fascinating!
Just nitpicking here, but the first train in India wasn't run in 1851. On two occasions before that trains did run in India. For the first time in 1836-37 in Madras ( Now Chennai) and around 1842 in Rajahmundry (RJY).

  
5952 views
Dec 12 2016 (14:22)
Guest: 2a1e7aef   show all posts
Re# 2085576-18            Tags   Past Edits
Yup.sir in rajahmundry for construction of Dam ..and works ..
Yup sir ..actually i am looking for more information ..regarding it ..will post very shortly ..:-)

  
5894 views
Dec 12 2016 (14:52)
A good day ahead~   2339 blog posts
Re# 2085576-19            Tags   Past Edits
Here you go! You can find a lot of details about the engineering and the financial aspects of the Rajahmundry railway lines in this book. It was in operation around 1847, and the route actually had a double line!!!
click here

  
5932 views
Dec 12 2016 (14:53)
Guest: 2a1e7aef   show all posts
Re# 2085576-20            Tags   Past Edits
Thank u ..sir ..

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