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Sun Jun 25, 2017 07:57:19 ISTHomeTrainsΣChainsAtlasPNRForumGalleryNewsFAQTripsLoginFeedback
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Today (07:18)  Frederic Landy compares Mumbai and Nairobi’s leopard conservation attempts (www.thehindu.com)
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Commentary/Human Interest

News Entry# 306403     
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Posted by: rdb*^  130034 news posts
Imagine, the city that’s most densely populated with humans is also the one with the highest density of leopards
Entering a national park in India usually means crossing rivers, climbing mountains and trudging through forests and grasslands. But I know one national park that you can travel to in a packed local train. A gate appears by a flyover, and there you are. Welcome to Sanjay Gandhi National Park (SGNP) in Mumbai.
Located in the midst of 20 million inhabitants, this forest is 30 times larger than Central Park in New York. It
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also happens to have around 35 leopards. This means that the highest density of leopards is to be found in the most densely populated city in the world.
“Look! There!” Too late. In spite of environmentalist Krishna Tiwari’s warning, I only catch a glimpse of a spotted tail plunging into the forest at SGNP. On the pillion of Krishna’s bike, after several weeks of investigation on city-park relationships, that was my first—and perhaps last—glimpse of a leopard as it crossed the road. Till then I sometimes doubted they lived here at all.
Living by night, stealthily grabbing a hen from a tribal hamlet, killing stray dogs or rodents near garbage dumps, Mumbai’s leopards are as territorial as they are elusive. They can jump the wall bordering the park—or simply slide through the gates and the holes in it. They are entirely at home in the bountiful supermarket that Mumbai is. Only camera trapping captures them regularly, sometimes just five metres from a human oblivious to the animal’s presence. Earlier this month, a widely shared CCTV video showed a leopard attack a dog at the Bombay Veterinary College after scaling a 7 foot wall.
Leopard attacks
At the peak of the human-leopard conflict in 2004, the big cats killed 19 people in Mumbai. The conflict has reduced , but not disappeared by any account: there have been at least 10 leopard attacks on humans (some fatal) in the last five years. The latest incident occurred just in May, when a three-year-old boy was attacked by a leopard when he was playing with his friends in Aarey Milk Colony, a Mumbai suburb. He fortunately survived, with injuries to his throat and chest.
Halfway across the world, in Nairobi, Kenya, a city of four million people, is a national park that similarly borders slums and is home to a fairly dense population of leopards (as well as lions, hyenas and hippos). But here, no wild animal has killed human beings in living memory. So how can this difference between Mumbai and Nairobi be explained?
In Nairobi National Park, too, leopards are also almost invisible, whereas lions, hyenas, rhinos are often spotted by tourists. Wildlife is more explicit in Africa, so to speak. Urban residents are used to living with it. They know that wildlife tourism is a key sector for GDP and jobs, unlike in India. The local pastoralists, Maasai, who live at the south of the park, are now part of the tourism circuit. While their cattle is often killed by carnivores, and Maasai sometimes retaliate by killing a lion or a leopard, on the whole, the complex livestock-wildlife-savannah ecosystem is not working too badly. The major threat is urban pressure, with road and railway projects destroying migratory routes and even encroaching on the park.
“Here, in this part of the cage, we put the bait—usually a goat. There the leopard or the lion can enter.” In Nairobi, Caporal Kereto, from Kenya Wildlife Service, explains to me how they capture dangerous animals. He is posing near the cage so that I can take a photo. While shooting, I recall my last visit to the SGNP: I had the privilege of visiting the place where “stray leopards” are kept, but the rule was strict: ‘No photo!’ This was far too sensitive a topic, since the Forest Department was accused of not ensuring the safety of citizens by allowing leopards to roam in urban neighbourhoods. It is true that the policy of translocating leopards into the SGNP had tragic consequences; as it has been shown by ecologists such as Vidya Athreya, “rescued” (captured) and translocated leopards are stressed, have lost their territory and may even become “man-eaters”. This policy has been more or less stopped now, and the human toll from leopard attacks has subsequently reduced.
It is true that in Nairobi the carnivores are less attracted to the city since the southern border of the park opens into savannahs where herbivores seasonally migrate.
This landscape contrasts with Mumbai where the national park is now fully encircled by urban sprawl. Here, leopards have lesser choice. The objectives of nature conservation may contradict the needs of a city.
Visible walls, invisible walls
A big challenge in Mumbai is the assumption that leopards must remain in protected areas while humans must live outside it. It is time for a more holistic perspective.
The lessons for Mumbaikars are many: better management of garbage so that it does not attract stray dogs or rodents, potential prey for leopards; reduce urban disturbance in the environs of the national park, notably in Aarey Colony where many leopards attack; create awareness among locals about daily safety precautions; and create cooperation between the Mumbai Corporation and the Forest Department. In short, wildlife policy must include an urban policy and vice versa.
For the last few years, however, new park directors have tried to build some fragile bridges over the physical —and ideological—walls separating the park from the city. Civil society groups have been helping the local population coexist with wildlife, creating awareness about the carnivore’s behaviour.
And if leopards have to be accepted in the city outskirts, humans have to be accepted in the park—both under conditions.
A key to this is to involve all stakeholders—police, media, local residents—and harness the traditional knowledge of tribal communities in the management of SGNP.
The author, director of the French Institute of Pondicherry, mountain bikes in France and surfs in Puducherry.
  
Yesterday (22:25)  Puri set to host annual Rath Yatra today (www.thehindu.com)
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New/Special TrainsECoR/East Coast  -  

News Entry# 306398     
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Posted by: rdb*^  130034 news posts
The stage is set and three wooden chariots of the deities, all draped in multicoloured cloth, have been kept ready in front of the 12th century Shree Jagannath Temple, as part of the annual rath yatra of Lord Jagannath to be held on Sunday.
Thousands of devotees started trickling in since Saturday noon, while the Shree Jagannath Temple saw a large crowd for the Naba Jauban Darshan (first sight) of the Lord Balabhadra, Lord Jagannath and Devi Subhadra, the day before the annual rath yatra.
In accordance with traditional rituals, three deities were
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seen for the first time after the gap of a fortnight during which they remain secluded in the anasara ghaa (retiring room) of the temple. The darshan was delayed by four hours as rituals took time.
186 special trains
The East Coast Railway had announced 186 special trains for devotees from different parts of the country. While 34 trains would run to Puri for the Rath Yatra on Sunday, rest of the trains would be operating between June 26 and July 3. Special booking counters were set up and security was tightened in different station.
Sunday’s Rath Yatra might be affected as India Meteorological Department, Odisha has forecast heavy rain over coastal districts.
The State police imposed traffic restrictions from Saturday evening. Massive parking spots have been created for vehicles. Buses could ply up to Malatipatapur Bus Terminal on the outskirt of Puri. Shuttle passenger vehicles have been arranged for devotees to enter the town.
The Puri district administration is expecting a gathering of nearly seven lakh devotees.
  
Yesterday (22:19)  Railways to intensify checks against ticketless travel (www.thehindu.com)
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Commentary/Human InterestSR/Southern  -  

News Entry# 306397     
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Posted by: rdb*^  130034 news posts
34 passengers were found travelling without tickets on Thursday
In an effort to curtail ticketless travel, the Tiruchi Railway Divisional authorities embarked on an intense checking drive on the Tiruchi – Thanjavur section on Thursday. The drive commenced shortly after the crack of dawn with ticket checking staff assisted by the Railway Protection Force (RPF) carrying out the exercise.
The mission was carried out under the guidance of the Divisional Railway Manager with the Senior Divisional Commercial Manager and Divisional Commercial Manager also taking part in the drive.
A
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total number of 28 ticket checking staff along with security provided by 24 RPF personnel carried out the exercise which lasted a little over four hours. The checks were carried out on four trains proceeding on the Tiruchi- Thanjavur section. Railway officials said checks were also conducted at stations including Solagampatti and Aiynapuram.
In all, 34 passengers were found travelling without tickets, said a Railway release. Fine amounting to ₹10,085 was collected from the violators.
A couple of months ago, a three-day intensive drive against ticketless travel was conducted in the division. Over 3,000 cases were booked which included ticketless travel, improper ticketing and unbooked luggage. More than ₹14 lakh was collected from the defaulters as penalty.
A senior Railway official here said that from now on surprise drives would be conducted every week in addition to routine checks being undertaken by the staff.
The drives are proposed to be carried out in the Tiruchi – Villupuram, Thanjavur – Tiruvarur, Villupuram – Cuddalore, Vellore – Tiruvannamalai and Tiruchi – Pudukottai broad gauge sections, said the official.
The objective is to improve the earnings of the Tiruchi Division besides creating awareness among travellers to desist from travelling without valid tickets, said the official.
  
Yesterday (19:52)  तत्काल एक सीट को पूरी रात काली, फिर भी हाथ खाली (epaper.jagran.com)
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News Entry# 306386     
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Jun 24 2017 (19:52)
Station Tag: Lucknow Charbagh NR/LKO added by ☆गोंडा इलेक्ट्रिक शेङ ■☆*^~/206964

Posted by: ☆गोंडा इलेक्ट्रिक शेङ ■☆*^~  5898 news posts
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निशांत यादव ’ लखनऊ 1केस एक : आलमबाग के जयप्रकाश नगर निवासी कुलभूषण शर्मा को पुष्पक एक्सप्रेस से मुंबई जाना है। वह दो दिन से रोजाना तत्काल कोटे की लाइन लग रहे हैं। शुक्रवार को जब पहला नंबर होने पर रिजर्वेशन नहीं मिला तो उन्होंने शनिवार का नंबर शुक्रवार को ही लगा दिया।1केस दो : आलमनगर आरक्षण केंद्र पर राजाजीपुरम एफ ब्लाक के रहने वाले सौम्य प्रसाद भी तीन दिन से लाइन लगा रहे हैं। अगले दिन का आरक्षण कराने के लिए उन्होंने भी शुक्रवार को अपना नंबर लगा दिया। जबकि रात को अपना नंबर देखने के लिए वह आरक्षण केंद्र पर डटे रहे। 1एक सीट के खातिर रोजाना सैकड़ों यात्री शहर के सभी आरक्षण केंद्रों पर
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सुबह से लेकर रात तक इसी तरह परेशान हो रहे हैं। कोई एक दिन पहले दोपहर से आरक्षण केंद्र पहुंचकर अगले दिन का तत्काल कोटे का आरक्षण लेने के प्रयास में जुट रहा है, तो कोई देर शाम आकर सारी रात आरक्षण केंद्रों पर गुजार रहा है। आरक्षण केंद्रों पर भी इन दिनों इसका असर दिखायी दे रहा है। तत्काल कोटे के लिए लंबी लाइन लग रही है। देश भर में रोजाना करीब 10 लाख आरक्षित श्रेणी के टिकट बनते हैं। इसमें अब 60 प्रतिशत से अधिक टिकट आइआरसीटीसी की वेबसाइट पर बनते हैं। इस कारण मई के महीने तक आरक्षण केंद्रों पर सन्नाटा पसरा हुआ था। लेकिन गर्मी की भीड़ से तत्काल कोटे की मारामारी शुरू हो गई है। जिन केंद्रों पर रोजाना एसी के चार से छह फार्म मिल रहे थे, वहां अब इनकी संख्या बढ़कर 30 से 40 तक पहुंच गई है।निशांत यादव ’ लखनऊ 1केस एक : आलमबाग के जयप्रकाश नगर निवासी कुलभूषण शर्मा को पुष्पक एक्सप्रेस से मुंबई जाना है। वह दो दिन से रोजाना तत्काल कोटे की लाइन लग रहे हैं। शुक्रवार को जब पहला नंबर होने पर रिजर्वेशन नहीं मिला तो उन्होंने शनिवार का नंबर शुक्रवार को ही लगा दिया।1केस दो : आलमनगर आरक्षण केंद्र पर राजाजीपुरम एफ ब्लाक के रहने वाले सौम्य प्रसाद भी तीन दिन से लाइन लगा रहे हैं। अगले दिन का आरक्षण कराने के लिए उन्होंने भी शुक्रवार को अपना नंबर लगा दिया। जबकि रात को अपना नंबर देखने के लिए वह आरक्षण केंद्र पर डटे रहे। 1एक सीट के खातिर रोजाना सैकड़ों यात्री शहर के सभी आरक्षण केंद्रों पर सुबह से लेकर रात तक इसी तरह परेशान हो रहे हैं। कोई एक दिन पहले दोपहर से आरक्षण केंद्र पहुंचकर अगले दिन का तत्काल कोटे का आरक्षण लेने के प्रयास में जुट रहा है, तो कोई देर शाम आकर सारी रात आरक्षण केंद्रों पर गुजार रहा है। आरक्षण केंद्रों पर भी इन दिनों इसका असर दिखायी दे रहा है। तत्काल कोटे के लिए लंबी लाइन लग रही है। देश भर में रोजाना करीब 10 लाख आरक्षित श्रेणी के टिकट बनते हैं। इसमें अब 60 प्रतिशत से अधिक टिकट आइआरसीटीसी की वेबसाइट पर बनते हैं। इस कारण मई के महीने तक आरक्षण केंद्रों पर सन्नाटा पसरा हुआ था। लेकिन गर्मी की भीड़ से तत्काल कोटे की मारामारी शुरू हो गई है। जिन केंद्रों पर रोजाना एसी के चार से छह फार्म मिल रहे थे, वहां अब इनकी संख्या बढ़कर 30 से 40 तक पहुंच गई है।
  
Yesterday (19:23)  Effective audit system needed, says Prabhu (www.thehindu.com)
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Commentary/Human Interest

News Entry# 306381     
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Posted by: rdb*^  130034 news posts
Railway Minister Suresh Prabhu on Thursday stressed the need to put in place effective internal control systems and audit capable of detecting non-compliance of laid-down procedures and system failures. There was need for a robust and effective internal audit system in Railways due to greater delegations of power at the field level.PTI
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