Blog Entry# 4742213
Posted: Oct 11 (09:27)
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BUFFER : A buffer is a part of the buffers-and-chain coupling system used on the railway systems of many countries, for attaching railway vehicles to one another.
Fitted at the ends of the vehicle frames, one at each corner, the buffers are projecting, shock-absorbing pads which, when vehicles are coupled, are brought into contact with those on the next vehicle. The draw chain used between each pair of vehicles includes a screw which is tightened after coupling to shorten the chain and keep the buffers pressed together. Such is known as a 'screw coupling'. Historically, coupling chains were no more than that, a short length of heavy chain (typically three links long) with no adjustment. These would result in a 'loose-coupled train'